Saudi Arabia is a desert country encompassing most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Persian (Arabian) Gulf coastlines. Known as the birthplace of Islam, it’s home to the religion’s 2 most sacred mosques: Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, destination of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, and Medina’s Masjid an-Nabawi, burial site of the prophet Muhammad. Riyadh, the capital, is a skyscraper-filled metropolis.
Dialing code: +966
Currency: Saudi riyal
Capital and largest city: Riyadh; 24°39′N 46°46′E / 24.650°N 46.767°E
Did you know: Saudi Arabia is the sixth-largest Arab country by population (31,521,000).